What is Osteoarthritis?

What is OsteoarhritisOsteoarthritis is a degenerative disease of the joint that manifests through persistently painful joints and breakdown of the cartilage that leads to joint stiffness. It is the most common kind of arthritis, affecting millions of people throughout the world.

Osteoarthritis disease is usually progressive, starting off as mild symptoms and getting more depressing with time. OA has no cure and the treatments available only help to ameliorate the symptoms and allow the patient to remain active, mobile, and suffering from least pain and least joint swelling. The more effort a patient puts in managing osteoarthritis the more likely are the symptoms going to slight.

Areas of the Body Affected by Osteoarthritis Disease

Osteoarthritis can affect almost any joint in the body. However, the hips, hands, lower back, neck, and knees often suffer the greatest. Females above 40 years are usually more likely to suffer from arthritis than males.

Signs and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

The symptoms of OA include swelling and pain in the joints, loss of muscle, joint stiffness, constrained range of movement, joint tenderness, and crackling sounds in the joints.

Risk Factors and Causes of Osteoarthritis

What is OsteoarthritisThe causes of arthritis disease may usually be unclear but gradual wear and tear in the joints is usually the commonest cause. Traumatic joint injuries, bony lumps, damages to cartilage, rheumatoid arthritis, and the stretched use of the joints following injury or operation can trigger OA. Other factors that can cause OA include joint injuries, septic arthritis, bone deformities in the joint, Paget’s disease, gout, obesity, gender, and high movement jobs.

Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis Disease

Doctors usually diagnose OA through physical exams, clinical symptoms and other tests. Joint stiffness that occurs early in the morning combines with a persistent joint inflammation to indicate OA. Doctors may usually use blood tests, joint fluid analysis, MRI and X-rays to diagnose the condition.

Osteoarthritis Treatment

Osteoarthritis has no cure but can be treated using a combination of medications, lifestyle changes, exercise, manual therapy and even surgery. The patient can use strong pain relievers like the NSAIDS (ibuprofen, diclofenac, and aspirin), tramadol, capsaicin cream, codeine and cortisone shots to manage the pain. Joint replacement surgery, arthrodesis, and osteotomy are also essential treatment options.
Get more information and help with osteoarthritis by calling or visiting us at St Pete Hip and Knee in St Petersburg, Florida.

Kurt Hirshorn MD of St Pete Hip and Knee guarantees expertise and compassion when caring for his patients, and ensures a good hospital stay. Schedule an appointment today or call us at (727) 755-0313.

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4600 4th Street North
St Petersburg, FL 33703, USA
Phone: (727) 755-0313

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