There is no magic pill for the treatment of arthritis. However, there are various and numerous medications that are formulated to help reduce the symptoms of pain and inflammation as well as medications that help reduce the severity of the disease by suppressing the immune response. The two types of drugs currently being given for arthritis are drugs that can relieve the symptoms and drugs given to address the disease itself.
Pain medications are given to reduce the pain that comes with arthritis. Pain occurs because there is swelling around the joints, which affects the nerves in the area. In some patients, the pain becomes so severe that movement becomes difficult. Analgesics are often given along with recommendations for non-pharmacologic methods such as acupuncture and the use of natural pain relievers as adjunct treatment for arthritis.
Anti-inflammatory drugs treat the inflammation so that pain, redness, and swelling dies down. NSAIDs or non -steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and steroids are commonly given to address the pain. However, these drugs come with certain side effects like bone density problems, nausea, and weight gain, so they need to be administered with the supervision of medical professionals.
Anti-rheumatic drugs are basically immuno-suppressants that reduces the activity of the immune system, preventing it from attacking the body’s own cells. These drugs have been shown to be effective in certain types of arthritis like rheumatoid and juvenile idiopathic arthritis. They are considered second line treatments but have proven very effective, although it may take weeks before effects are seen. These medications can be effective enough to prevent the need for arthritis knee surgery.
There are many medications which have been proven effective in lowering the intensity of symptoms and reducing the severity of arthritis. It is important to consult experts such as the medical experts over at St. Pete Hip and Knee of St. Petersburg, Florida for those who want to know what the right medications are for the treatment of their condition.