I will recommend anyone going through hip surgery to have him do it.
– Current Patient
Knee replacement surgery has been refined and evolved into a common procedure with predictable outcomes. Advances in surgical technology and techniques have ensured that the procedure is accurate, safe and reduces pain significantly for most patients. In essence, orthopedic surgeons replace the damaged knee by removing damaged bones and cartilage from the kneecap and substituting new effective artificial joints made of top-quality medical grade plastics, polymers and metal alloys. Compared to older types of artificial knees that were crude hinges, the current artificial knees are properly designed to suit the patient’s overall health, age, level of activity and weight. Moreover, most individuals recover most–if not all–of their previous range of motion.
- To replace severely damaged knees resulting from osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
- As a last resort after medication and life style changes fail to alleviate the problem.
- When stinging pain occurs in the knee during rest, sleeping and standing.
- When knee pain limits your ability to perform normal tasks such as climbing stairs and walking.
Knee Replacement Procedures
Surgeons begin a knee replacement procedure by bending the knee into position, exposing the joint, making incisions of 6-10 inches, and moving the kneecap aside before cutting away damaged sections of the joint surface. The surgeon then inserts and attaches an artificial joint before closing the incision. To end the procedure, the orthopedic surgeon will bend and rotate the replaced knee, bring it to balance, and then test it for normal functioning. It takes about 2 hours to complete the procedure.
After knee replacement surgery, the patient will be wheeled into a post-surgery recovery room and remain there for about 2 hours. Later, the patient is taken to his/her hospital room to recover. Recovery will take several days while the patient is guided through knee exercises by a physical therapist and assisted in learning how to keep the knee active to avoid swelling and blood clotting. The surgeon will prescribe pain relievers for post-surgical pain and may recommend wound care, proper diet, blood thinners, a compression boot and support hose to the patient to ensure a rapid recovery.
Risks of Knee Replacement Surgery
Like every operation, knee replacement involves some risks. Some of these risks include possible clotting of blood in the veins of the legs and lungs, nerve damage, heart attack and infections. It is also possible that excessive stress on the artificial knee will lead to wear. Some post-surgical symptoms, such as shaking chills, fever above 100 degrees F (37.8 degrees Celsius), surgical site drainage, and increased pain and tenderness should be reported to the surgeon immediately.